e Nam Scheme | Rashtriya Krishi Bazar Yojana
On April 14th 2016, the Indian government has launched yet another scheme for the farmers of the nation. The importance of the farmers in India is more than anything else as they are the backbone of the economy. A large share of the national income is borne by the agricultural sector only. Since the Modi government came to the power Prime Minister Shree Narendra Modi has taken a number of steps to help the farmers across the nation. In the month of April he launched another scheme for the farmers namely National Agriculture Market popularly known as Rashtriya Krishi Bazar Yojana.
This scheme will give a digital platform to the farmers through which they will be able to sell their produced goods. This scheme is also a part of Digital India initiative by the Indian government. The scheme has launched by the central government and will be funded by the central as well.
- e NAM or Rashtriya Krishi Bazar is a common platform on which the farmers will be able to showcase their produced goods. They will also be able to sell their goods in nearest markets. There will be provision to quote the best prices for the dealers as well.
- There will be one single licence that will be provided to the farmers to market their produced goods. With this licence the farmer can sell in any market across the nation. There will not be any need of different licence for different markets.
- There will be liberal licence for the buyers and traders as well. There won’t be any need of physical presence of the traders or buyers. There is no pre-condition for having shops or premises in any market for the farmers as well.
- There will be infrastructure for testing the quality of standard of the agricultural goods produced by the farmers. It will be there in all the markets for the farmers. Along with quality testing there will be soil testing labs as well which will be provided to the visiting farmers.
- Under this scheme each state will have their own digital platform with which the state can link the NAM if they want to.
- As of now 21 mandis / markets from 8 states are already linked to the NAM. By the end of the year 2018 there will be more than 500 mandis to be linked to the NAM, stated by the authority.
- The main objective of the scheme is to provide a single platform to the farmers to showcase their produced goods. Many a farmers are not able to market their produced goods and hence they fail to earn enough income for their productions. This e-market will help them to get the best prices for their produce.
- The e-NAM is a part of making India and Digital India. With this market the Indian government has taken another step towards the development of the nation. According to the scheme by the end of 2018 all the states will be linked to this market.
- Another important aim of this scheme is to increase the income of the farmers. Along with NAM the government has also given a nod to the Haryana Krishak Upahar Yojana which is a scheme for the farmers who will earn worth of more than 5000/-. With this e-platform it will be easier for the farmers to explore the markets as well as the traders can get a chance to quote the best price for the produced goods.
Registration under e-NAM or Rashtriya Krishi Bazar Yojana
To register with NAM, one has to follow some simple steps. The steps are:
- Step 1: visit the official website of e-Nam http://enam.gov.in/NAM/home/index.html .
- Step 2: On the right side of the ‘Home’ page there is a button called ‘Register’
- Step 3: Click on the ‘Register’ button and you will be redirected to the registration form under the NAM. The registration form will help you to generate your login ID and Password.
- Step 4: Fill up the form accordingly with basic details such as name, address, region, nature of farming, ID proof, ID number, date of birth, contact number and e-mail ID.
- Step 5: Select two boxes under the option ‘Registration Acknowledgement’. The two boxes are ‘get sms’ and ‘get email’.
- Step 6: Check whether the details you have entered are correct or not. If there is any editing needed, do that.
- Step 7: Submit the form by clicking on the ‘submit’ button.
After submitting the form you will get a notification on your phone via text as well as you will receive an e-mail for the same. If your form is accepted then you will get the login ID and Password to access your account under NAM’s website. Once you get the details you can access the site by clicking on the ‘login’ button just beside the ‘register’ button on the ‘home’ page of the official website.
Work in Process and Future Plans
The NAM is already started executing their plans with proper regulations. But before implementing the scheme on a regular basis the states have to be more active. The NAM authorities have asked to the states to undertake the state reform policies that are needed for implementing the NAM in each state. the reforms include:
- The provision for e-auction as price discovery mode
- Single licence to be given for trading across the state
- Single point market fee levy
All these need to be done before implementation of the scheme in the states.
As far as the NAM’s working progress is concerned, there are total 585 wholesale markets that are willing to join the e-platform for the agriculture market. As of now only 21 markets or mandis have linked to the NAM from 8 states. By the end of 2018 the entire 585 mandis are expected to link to the NAM. The authorities have said that by the end of 2016 there will be 200 markets that will link to the NAM successfully. On the other there are tradable parameters developed under NAM for total 25 different commodities.
State-wise Progress – Commodity Trading Details
|1||Gujarat||Channa, Wheat, castor Seed, Peanuts,|
|2||Telengana||Castor seed, soya bean, jowar, paddy, Ragi, Maize, Chilli, Bajra, Onion, Ground Nut and so on|
|3||Rajasthan||Channa, Mustard, Wheat|
|5||Uttar Pradesh||Amchur, Wheat, Bajra|
|6||Haryana||American-cotton, Jowar, Guar Seeds, Mustard, Channa, Basmati, Bajra, Moong Dal, Chilli, Paddy, Maize, Potato, sunflower seeds, tomato and so on|
|7||Jharkhand||Tur / Arhar, Tamarind|
|8||Himachal Pradesh||Apple, Shelling Peas, Tomato|
Benefits of the scheme
- Farmers will get wider market for selling their products. They can sell anywhere across the nation. There will not be any limitation of captive market and such.
- They will also get assurance of best price and high price as well unlike before. The exposure as well as the earning of the farmers will increase with the NAM.
For Traders / Buyers
- Local traders or buyers will get access to national markets which can be utilised for the secondary trading for the dealers and retailers.
- For the other buyers now the market is not restricted to any place or region. They even don’t have to present physically at that place for trading. It will be much easier and wider now.
- With the increase in sale and traders’ easy accessibility through NAM, now the economy will be in much balance. There will not be chances of price hike or monopoly power in the market.
For Markets / Mandis
- Reducing manpower requirements and will concentrate on digital activity. Quoting price to finalise the buying – all will be done within few seconds and much easily than earlier.
- Monitoring and regulating traders and buyers along with other participants involved in trade will be much easier now as no one has to be present physically in any place. The activities and performances will be monitored through software.
- Market allocation fee, book keeping fee and some other expenses will be reduced as the e-platform does not have such hassles of having books or market allocation and such things. These will be done easily through online data base.
Limitations of the Scheme
Though at the face of it the scheme looks immensely attractive and benefitting but there are some problems or constraints that come with the scheme.
- Many of the farmers have the habit of selling their produced goods only to the local market as they have already made rapport with the local dealers. These farmers don’t agree at the first place to sell out their products beyond the state or any other market. This scheme is not for them.
- If we talk about the inter-state selling then quality will be the big obstacle here. There is a quality difference of same product between various states. As for example if we consider wheat production is MP and same in Haryana then it can be found that MP produces much better quality than Haryana. This will restrict the Haryana Farmers to sell their products in MP or even in Gujarat where wheat quality is better than Haryana.
- To use E-platforms for the crops and agricultural production one has to be properly skilled about handling such website and process of showcasing products. Also the platform is more for the standard quality products not for all types of commodities.