Mai Bhago Scheme in Punjab | Cycle Scheme in Punjab Students
One of the biggest challenges for the Indian government is the empowerment of women and girl children. For this a lot of scheme and initiatives are being taken but then none of it is proving to be enough. Efforts are being made by the central government as well as the state governments in order to uplift the condition of the women especially in the rural areas and the women who belong to the urban poor category.
The Punjab government also has been making efforts and has been launching a few schemes that would help the girl and women of the state. The state government of Punjab has launched a few beneficial scheme for women with the name of the famous Sikh woman leader Mai Bhago.
Brief about Mai Bhago
In the year 1705 a women from Punjab led a group of Sikh soilders to fight against the Mughals, her name was Mai Bhago. She was a Sikh woman and keeping in mind her bravery the government of Punjab has launched a few women empowerment schemes with her name.
She was known to be a brave and a strong woman who is considered as a saint by many. She belong to a village called Jhabal near Patti, which is now falls under the Tarn Taran district of the Majha region. She is known for her brave encounters with the Mughals.
Scheme announced under the name of Mai Bhago
There are two schemes which are launched under the Mai Bhago. Mai BhagoVidya Scheme also known as Mai BhagoCycle Scheme and the Mai BhagoIstri Shakti scheme. All those schemes are focused towards the empowerment of the women and children in the state of Punjab.
Mai BhagoVidya Scheme – A Quick Glance
|S.No||Things Need to Know||Detailed Information|
|1||Scheme||Mai BhagoVidya Scheme|
|2||Launch of the scheme||2011|
|3||Objective of the scheme||Provide daily commute facility- bicycle|
|4||Target of the scheme||Female school children|
|Scheme implemented in||Whole state of Punjab|
Mai BhagoVidya scheme was launched by the state of Punjab in the year 2011, under the leadership of the Parkash Singh Badal, with an objective of providing a comfortable travel to the female students of the state. So one of main problems that the he state were facing was that the schools were very far away from the homes of the students and because of this there was an increase in the school dropout rates among the girl students. The distance is so much that the students were finding it difficult to go walk or avail any transports to their school. Due to the girls of the state are dropping out from the schools and thus quitting education. As a solution to this probelm the Punjab government ha launched the Mai BhagoVidya scheme.
As a part of this scheme the girl students of class 11 and 12 of the government schools in Punjab, will be given a bicycle each. the scheme was then extended to the girl students of class 9 and 10 as well.
With the help of the bicycles the girl students could easily travel to and forth their school and this would save them from the pressure of dropping out from the schools.
But in the year 2015 the bicycles were distributed only to the students of class 11 and 12 as the state did not have enough funds. Even though a list was prepared which had the names of all the girls studying in class 9, 10, 11 and 12. In the year 2015 it was reported that the students of class 9 and 10 were left out in the distribution of bicycles. and in the Kapurthala districts around 3700 students of class 11 and 12 didnot recive bicycles, only 70 of them did.
Current situation of the scheme
Currently the situation is such that the government of Punjab has not been able to provide payment for more than 72000 bicycles that were given around a couple of months ago to the girl students of the state for free.
It has been reported that the state government Punjab had purchased the bicycles from three manufactures for a total Rs.18.5 crore which makes a single bicycle cost Rs.2600. the distribution of the cycles was done on the Independence Day and since then a lot of reminders has been given to the government for the release of payment, but then no action has been taken.
Impact created by Mai BhagoVidya scheme
The main motive behind the launch of this Mai BhagoVidya scheme is to boost the literacy rate of women in the state. On accounting the fact of typical transportation for women from their houses to school many school women children after completing their secondary education which is 8th to 10th standard their parents prefers them to hold from their studies.
In order to overcome this issue, the state government of Punjab introduces this bicycle plan for women students who studying their higher secondary education. The results are showing some positive growth in the state, the number of women student numbers engaging in their higher secondary studies gets quite amount in the last few years.
Mai BhagoIstri Shakti scheme – A Quick Glance
|S.No||Things Need to Know||Detailed Information|
|1||Scheme Name||Mai BhagoIstri Shakti scheme|
|2||Launch of the scheme||2008|
|3||Objective of the scheme||Help women in setting up small businesses|
|4||Target of the scheme||All the women of the state|
|5||State which Implemented this Scheme||Punjab|
Now this scheme again is launched by the government of Punjab with an objective of providing support to the women of the state in establishing small scale businesses which would benefit the women and their families.
The scheme wants to make the women of the state more self-dependent and strong and for which it is important that they have a source of income. The best way to do so is by encouraging them in setting up small scale businesses in sectors like food processing, handicrafts, stitching, tailoring, hand loom, agriculture, and horticulture. Apart from this the women will be encouraged in involving computer enabled services, spoken English, hospitality sector, travel and tourism sector, etc. The main focus here would be on encouraging the women of the rural areas.
Some features of the scheme
- A loan of up to Rs.25000 will be provided to the woman or a group of women for setting up small scale businesses.
- Under this scheme the women of the state can take a loan for stating a small scale business at an interest rate of 8 to 10% per annum. This loan can be taken by group of women as well.
- Under this scheme the Primary Agriculture Cooperative Societies will be made available in different parts of the state which will provide training to the women in different fields.
- The scheme will try and help the women in getting a source of income which would also strengthen their families finically.
- The only eligibility criteria under this scheme is that the women has to be a resident of Punjab for availing the scheme benefits. For applying for this scheme the woman has to provide an address proof, bank details and a copy of your Aadhaar card.
- The candidates who want to apply for this scheme have to visit their nearby co-operative banks, where the application process will take place.
Both Mai BhagoIstri Shakti scheme and Mai BhagoVidyaScheme are progressive schemes which have been running in the state f Punjab for quite some years now. Even though the schemes have faced certain hurdles, it has helped a lot of women and girls in the state.
The schemes which are launched under the name Mai Bhago which are Istri Shakti scheme and Vidya Scheme are keenly focus on women growth and their empowerment in the state. Being in active for few years, the schemes Mai BhagoIstri Shakti scheme and the Mai Bhago Vidya Scheme shows positive results on the improvement of women involving in entrepreneurship and also growth in women’s school level literacy rate.