Sarva Siksha Abhiyan
Education plays a vital role in development of a country. It empowers and makes the population skillful enough to get employed. This is why it is the foremost responsibility of the state to ensure that the citizens are educated enough. Only through proper education and employment opportunities the evils of poverty can be beaten. Therefore, in hopes of doing the same, the government has launched the Sarva Siksha Abhiyan also known as ‘Education for All’ scheme or ‘Each One Teach One’.
About Sarva Siksha Abhiyan or SSA
This scheme was launched in 2000-01 as a flagship programme by the central Government of India. This scheme was launched to educate all the children between ages 6 to 14 by 2010. This way it was aimed that children could be encouraged to pursue higher education.
Objectives of SSA
The SSA programme is aimed towards children especially of the backward classes – those who leave education or those who are forced into child labor. This is to ensure that the children are sent back to school.
The SSA has its own set of targets which are:
- It aims that all children must complete give years of primary education within the year 2007. This means that by the end of 2007 most children would have basic education.
- Further it aims that by 2010, all children complete at least 8 years of elementary education. This means that the children be provided basic education up to 8 years.
- The mission also aims to achieve a state where the socio economic and gender gaps are bridged at the primary stage by the year 2007 and that the students are made to complete elementary education by 2010.
Finally by the end of 2010, the government aims to achieve universal retention of all the students in the education system.
What SSA mission will do?
To achieve the aforesaid targets, the government has framed strategies that include the local community groups to set up block level resources where these can be implemented. The framework includes appointment of teachers, motivating parents, training them, providing them scholarships, textbooks, etc. all of these are to be done by the local participating groups so that the mission is accomplished adequately.
The SSA mission will also make employment opportunities for the teachers at the government schools as more and more students will be enrolled in the schools. This means that it will not only promote education among the students, it will also provide employment opportunities to the youth.
To carry out such a massive plan, the government would need additional resources for sure. It has been said that as of now, the government needs an additional fund of Rs. 60,000 crore to implement the SSA across all states.
Overview of Sarva
Here are the things that you might have missed –
|Serial No.||Central to state share of funds under||Ratio|
|1||IX th Plan||85:15|
|2||X th Plan||75:25|
|3||After Xth Plan||50:50|