Bharatmala Pariyojana Scheme Details (Plan, Deadline, Map, Route)
The development of any nation depends on the transportation networks and the ways in which they are being maintained. The same holds true for the development of a huge and populous nation like India. For connecting the areas and maintaining smooth flow of traffic, the construction of new and developed roads are a must. The same will be achieved with the implementation of the Bharatmala project. Under the scheme, a host of new roads will be laid down in the nation.
Launch details of the scheme
The central government has announced the implementation of the scheme on the 31st of Jul, 2015. The announcement of the mammoth scheme was done by Nitin Gadkari, in the presence of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The implementation of a pan-nation scheme to improve the road network was the idea of the PM. All key aspects of the scheme will be managed by the Road Transport and Highways Ministry of the country. Scheme will end in 2022.
Key features of the scheme
- Improving the quality of roads – The launch of the scheme has been done for bring a new wave of development in the nation in the form of well-maintained and developed roads. Under this project, the construction of roads, in all parts of the nation will be undertaken.
- Total road construction – As per the draft of the scheme, government and the ministry will strive to complete new roads, which will add up to a whopping 34, 800 kms.
- Integrated scheme – The Bharatmala is the name that is given to the road development and it will include many other related schemes as well. With the completion of all the schemes, the overall success of the scheme will be guaranteed.
- Total tenure of the program – The central government has the plans of finishing the scheme within a span of five years. Thus, all is set for finishing the first phase before the end of 2022.
- Focus on new highways – It is the dream of the central government to connect all places of interest in the country. Thus, main stress will be given on the development of National Highways.
- Segmentation in phases – Due to the sheer magnitude and spread of the scheme, it will be divided into seven distinct phases. As of now, the first phase in under construction.
- Constriction on a daily basis – To finish the first phase in time, the respective department has made efforts of constructing at least 18 km of path on a daily basis. To beat the clock, continued efforts are being made to raise it to 30 km/day.
- Different categories of road construction – It has been highlighted in the official draft of the scheme that to provide better connectivity, the construction of various categories of roads will be undertaken.
- Multi–source of finding – One source will not be enough for funding a mammoth project. Thus, the government will have to depend on other sources for generating adequate money to meet the expenses.
Budget allocated to the scheme
There are no extra points for guessing that the Union Government will have to shell huge sums of money to meet the monetary requirements of the scheme. It has been estimated that the central government will have to provide around 10 trillion for the completion of the Bharatmala project. For now, all concentration is focused on the completion of the first phase. A contribution of Rs 6.9 lakh crore will be done by the central government and Rs 2.11 lakh crores has already been allocated in the Budget. For meeting the rest of the expenses, the central ministry will generate a credit of Rs 2.09 lakh crore from the financial market. 1.06 lakh crore will be contributed by the private sector as an investment towards the project. An estimated amount of 2.19 lakh crore will be acquired from the toll plazas, TOT and CRFs.
Bharatmala project category
- Economic Corridor – As per the guidelines of the road construction project, the construction of 9000 kilometers of Economic Corridors will be undertaken by the central government.
- Feeder Route or Inter Corridor – The total length of the roads, which fall under the Feeder Route or Inter Corridor category, is a whopping 6000 kilometers.
- National Corridor Efficiency Improvement – 5000 kilometers of roads, constructed under the scheme will fall in the category of National Corridor for the better connection between roads.
- International Connectivity or Border Road – The total amount of roads, laid under the category of International Connectivity or Border Road will be no less than 5000 kilometers.
- Port Connectivity or Coastal Road – To connect the areas that are dotted along the shorelines and important ports, the central government has ordered the construction of 2000 kilometers of roads.
- Border Road or International Connectivity – Connecting the cities and remote areas, which are situated in the border regions, the project has kept provision for constructing 2000 kilometers roads that fall in the Border Road or International Connectivity category.
- Green Field Expressway – The main stress will be given on the construction and development of Green Field Expressway for better management of traffic and freight.
- Balance NHDP Works – Under the last segment, the project will see a construction and maintenance of about 10,000 kilometers of new roads.
When the central government successfully wraps up the entire project, all remote areas will be brought under the transportation grid. It will not only provide the people of the country with better roads but will also give rise to better traveling and employment opportunities for the people. When implemented, the roads will play a pivotal role in bridging the gap between the manufactures and the consumers.
On 9th July, 2018, it was declared that the central government can announce the official launch of seven new Greenfield projects as a part of Bharatmala scheme. Under this scheme, construction of 3000 kilometer long express roads will take place that will cost around Rs. 5.35 trillion. Estimates suggest that the central government will be able to save anything between 40% and 60% of the cost with Greenfield projects. A 1000 kilometer long road will be constructed, connecting Delhi with Vadodara.